cause or exacerbate pre-existing, underlying and co-occurring problems.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse found that those with substance use disorders may be nutritionally deficient because of physical and chemical changes caused by their addiction, and studies have found that substance use also disrupts the body’s ability to efficiently absorb nutrients received.
The results indicated nutrients help the body and mind, improve the development and function of biochemicals, neurotransmitters such as dopamine, strengthen the natural defense system, stabilize blood sugar levels, improve digestion, and enhance the metabolism of nutrients. Cunningham added that nutrients reduce cravings, positively affect medical outcomes, health status, and success rate of treatment; nutrients also promote higher social functioning, improved overall well-being and a better quality of life without negative side effects.
Cunningham believes that future research should compare the use of supplements to the use of whole foods to replace nutrients in the treatment of opioid or other substance use disorders.